There are three main types of health claims: referring to the reduction of disease risk, to children’s development and health, and other than the these two (so-called generic claims). Claims relating to the reduction of disease risk, to children’s development and health apply when authorized and listed in one of the regulations (e.g. Commission Regulation (EU) No 440/2010 of 21 May 2010 on the fees payable to the European Chemicals Agency under Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and the Council on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures).
Generic claims are divided into two groups: referring to effects of plant or herbal substances, commonly known as ‘botanical’ substances; and those not relating to ‘botanical’ substances, which require an authorization, and are listed in Commission Regulation (EU) No 432/2012 of 16 May 2012 establishing a list of permitted health claims made on foods, other than those referring to the reduction of disease risk and children’s development and health (Dz. U. UE L 136/1 z 25.05.2012 r. ze zm.). Regulation (EU) No 432/2012 refers mainly to vitamins and minerals. The evaluation of claims made on herbal substances was not concluded as their effect on health is uncertain. Therefore they fall within the category of claims pending and can be used under the condition that the entity using them has scientific data supporting the accuracy of the claims. The pending claims list is available at
Different herbs in glass bottles with coloured liquid
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